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MAURITIUS DISCOVERY
» 03 Feb 2016
DISCOVERY

THE USE OF PLASMA FOR A QUICKER RESTORATION OF DAMAGED TISSUES

The Platelet Rich Plasma treatment, a therapeutic approach of great interest for regenerative medicine, now forms part of the innovative services offered by Fortis Clinique Darne. This particular treatment speeds up the repair and regeneration of damaged tissues through the injection of the platelet rich plasma. Plasma represents 55% of the blood volume. It is not only essential for blood coagulation but also for the immune defense of the organism. It contains elements such as vitamins, hormones, minerals and proteins, among others, that are essential for a cell to survive. Among the plasma proteins, the fibrin clot is also present. The latter serves as a guide not only for cell growth, but also for its migration and differentiation. The platelet rich plasma is obtained through centrifugation of the whole blood taken from the patient, who is donor and recipient at the same time. The PRP acts as anti-inflammatory, angiogenic (development of microvessels) and antalgic. The platelets are blood cells which are used to regenerate tissues and promote the growth of new cells. The activity in the platelets take place due to growth factors, which activate cell

Dr. Gérard Crépet
Plastic, reconstructive and cosmetic surgeon growth and stimulates the production of collagen fibre and elastine. The platelets are used for three main purposes:
i) esthetic (rejuvenation of the face, filling of wrinkles, acne scars, and skin ageing caused by the sun or smoking);
ii) alopecia (reduction of hair loss and stimulation of the hair bulb) and
iii) functional medicine (wound treatment in cases of diabetes, joint or tendon pains). PRP is also prescribed to alleviate the consequences of Raynaud’s disease, whose cure is yet to be found. This particular disease affects blood supply in the extremities. The injection is performed through micropuncture (or mesotherapy). This can be done in the dermis (hence immediately activating the platelets) or subcutaneously (the activation will then take three weeks, and lasts for three months).

 “The improvements noted in all cases are constant but vary according to the platelet concentration obtained from the patient,” says Dr. Gérard Crépet, plastic, reconstructive and cosmetic surgeon at Fortis Clinique Darné. Dr. Crépet advises to have a blood sample taken a week before the first session, to ensure the number of platelets needed to be injected and to determine whether there are any infections. The sessions take place in the doctor’s office, where
any risk of bacteriological or microbial contaminations are strictly controlled. For 4 to 9 cubic centimetres of plasma rich platelets, 30 to 60 cubic centimetres of blood sample are collected.
After a centrifugation of 5 minutes, the platelets are collected in an insulin syringe and are then re-injected.

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